Greece Travel Guide


 Greek Island Guide


Hotels of Greece



Dick Caldwell's Greek Myths

Heracles and the Nemean Lion

There is no true, or correct, version of Greek myth (although the Greek Ministry of Culture evidently thought so when they accused Disney Animation of creating a false version of the ancient myth in the movie Hercules). During antiquity the myths were constantly changing; in the field of drama alone, the tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides all wrote versions of famous myths (Oedipus or Orestes, for example) which differed not only from the other dramatists but also from the earlier stories found in epic poetry. So I make no claim that my version is the only true or correct one. My only claim is that I have considered all the available variants, and chosen those which seemed to me most enduring and coherent. In other words, if someone asked me to tell them a Greek myth, the versions here are what I would say. -Dick Caldwell

Mythology, Argos
The Myths of Argos

Zeus and Io
Zeus and Io

Danaos and the Danaids

Danae and Perseus
Danae and Perseus



The Genealogy of Herakles

Birth of the Milky Way
Birth and Childhood of Herakles

Daughters of Thespious
Herakles and the Thespian Lion

Madness of Hercules
The Madness of Herakles

Stymphalian Birds
The Labors of Herakles 1-8

The Labors of Herakles 9-12

Heracles and Iole
Eurytos and Iole

Hercules and Omphale by Giovanni Stefano Danedi (Italian, 16081689)
Omphale of Lydia

Ancient Olympian Games
Troy and Elis

 Pylos painting
Pylos, Aleos and Aug

Heracles flighting Achilous

Heracles Funeral Pyre
Trachis: The Death of Herakles

Heracles and Telephos
The Children of Herakles

Cretan Minotaur
The Myths of Crete

Abduction of Europa
Zeus and Europa

Minos by William Blake
Minos and His Family

Theseus and the Minotaur
Theseus and Ariadne

The Fall of Ikarus
Daidalos and Ikaros

Polyidos and Glaukos
Katreus and Glaukos

Sowing the Dragons Teeth
Thebes: Kadmos and Harmonia

The Daughters of Kadmos

Labdakos to Laios



The late and legendary Dick Caldwell was Professor Emeritus of Classics, USC and held other positions at the Universities of Minnesota, Texas, and Colorado. He was consultant to Disney's "Hercules," author of Hesiod's Theogony, The Origin of the Gods, Vergil's Aeneid, and wrote dozens of articles on subjects ancient and modern. Along with books and articles about antiquity (and other subjects) and he took people on unconventional tours to the eastern Mediterranean for 25 consecutive years. He was (for what it's worth) the world's leading authority on the psychoanalytic study of antiquity and the secret meaning behind all the Greek myths. He was responsible for leading the most Dionysian, educational, enlightening tours of Greece and Turkey and he died in a hail of bullets, or a lightning strike from Zeus himself. Perhaps the Gods were jealous.

As I wrote in 2009: "The Dick Caldwell legend has as much to do with his ability to drink some of the best minds under the table in the course of leading them through all night discussions as it has to do with anything he has written. We are too late for Socrates but we still have Dick. People who go on his tours come back changed."

Rest in Peace Dick Caldwell. Or better still I hope wherever you are you are still shaking things up.-Matt Barrett

Unfortunately Dick passed away before we could finish this so if you feel qualified and have myths to add please e-mail me. I am sure Dick would not mind.

Dick Caldwell
Who Killed Dick Caldwell

Greek Archaeology

The Acropolis
Greek History

Return to Greece Travel Index

Join Matt Barrett's Greece Travel Guides Group on Facebook for comments, photos and other fun stuff. If you enjoy this website please share it with your friends on Facebook. If you are appreciative of all the free information you get on my websites you can send a donation through Paypal. Or you can use Venmo at